Mamta's Kitchen

Brown or Green Lentil-Whole Masoor Dal

Sabut Masoor Dal or Dahl

Reeta Kumar

Free From GarlicIndianMainVeganVegetarian

In its raw state, this dal actually looks dark grey/green/brown in colour and is often referred to by children as 'kali dal' (black dal). It is one of my favourite dals. Its split and skinless version is known as red lentil in the West. (Sometimes it is also called Puy Lentil, which it is not. Puy lentils are kind of slate greyish in colour, more expensive and come from Le Puy region of South-Central France. Puy lentl is said to have better flavour and hold their shape better.)

If you eat lentils regularly, I would recommend buying a pressure cooker. It makes cooking dals much quicker and easier. The water required and cooking times given here is average but do remember that there are many variants in cooking. For example, quality of the lentil, softness of water, whether the dal was soaked beforehand (soaked dals take a little less time to cook), the intensity of heat and the efficiency of your pressure cooker. It will get easier as you cook more dals. Remember that if undercooked, you can cook a dal some more but you can't do anything with overcooked dal. It does not taste bad if overcooked, only looks are not good.

You can add a little bit of spinach or methi/fenugreek leaves or even some leftover lettuce to this dal. See last 4 pictures.

Serves 4

Edited December 2023


  • 1 cup whole masoor

  • 4 cups boiling hot water (use more if not using pressure cooker)

  • Salt to taste (1-1 1/2 tsp.)

  • 1/2 tsp. turmeric powder

  • Optional: Add a few chopped spinach or fenugreek (methi) or even lettuce leaves to the dal, it works really well. See last 5 pictures.

  • For basic tarka (for other types of tarka, see notes below):

  • 2-3 tbsp. ghee (cooking oil fr vegans),

  • 1 tsp. cumin seeds

  • A large pinch of asafoetida or hing powder

  • 2-3 whole red chillies broken up

  • 1/2 tsp. chilli powder

  • Onion Tarka,

  • 2-3 tbsp. ghee or cooking oil. Ghee tastes better but oil is healthier.

  • 1 tsp. cumin seeds

  • A large pinch of asafoetida or hing powder

  • 2-3 whole, dry red chillies

  • 1/2 tsp. chilli powder

  • 1 onion, finely chopped

  • 1 tbsp. finely chopped ginger

  • 1-2 garlic cloves, finely chopped or mashed


  1. Wash dal well and soak in water for an hour or so.

  2. Drain this water off before cooking.

  3. Cooking in a slow cooker

  4. Place 2 cups of washed dal with 5-6 cups water in the slow cooker bowl, add salt and turmeric and optional ingredients, if used. Leave to cook on medium heat for 6-8 hours. I start on high for a couple of hours and then turn it to medium.

  5. Cooking in Pressure cooker (last picture)

  6. Place the dal, water, salt and turmeric in the pressure cooker. Add optional ingredients, if used. Cook under full pressure for 7-8 minutes.

  7. Allow the pressure cooker to cool down before opening.

  8. Open the lid and check water. If too thick, add a little boiling water until it reaches the consistency you desire.

  9. Adjust salt.

  10. Cooking on the hob, without a pressure cooker. No pictures, as I never cook it without pressure cooker or slow cooker

  11. Place the dal, 5-6 cups water, salt and turmeric in a pan. Add optional ingredients, if used. Bring to boil. Now simmer briskly until soft but not mushy. You may need to add more water through the cooking process, if the dal begins to look too thick and dry. Dals, when ready, should be soft but not mashed.

  12. Transfer cooked dal to a serving bowl.

  13. Basic tarka or tempering (Baghar):

  14. Heat ghee or oil in a tarka ladle or a small pan.

  15. Add cumin seeds and asafoetida powder and let the seeds start to splutter.

  16. Add whole chillies and chillies powder, stir with a small spoon, add to the cooked dal and cover with a lid. This will infuse the smoke and flavours into the dal and stop the dal from splashing out during tempering.

  17. Onion Tarka (pictures 8-11)

  18. Heat Ghee or oil.

  19. Add cumin seeds. When they crackle, add a little grated ginger and/or garlic, chopped onions to the hot oil, fry until onions begin to turn golden brown. Add whole red chillies and chilli powder. Now pour over the dal and close the lid immediately. This will alloow the smokey tarka flavours to infuse

  20. Serve with hot Chapatti and Boiled Rice.

  21. Also see Dal Selection.


  • Other points about cooking dals:

  • The amount of dal required per person depends on whether you are serving the dal with roti or with rice. Rice requires more dal.

  • Dals often get thicker when cold/chilled. You may need to add a little more hot water, before serving.

  • You can add chopped coriander leaves to all dals as a garnish.

  • Overcooked or leftover dal can be added to roti or chapatti flour when making a dough. This makes delicious roti and paratha.

Content copyright ©2001-2024 Mamta Gupta and F² Limited. (All rights reserved. No copying without permission.)
Layout and design ©2001-2024 F² Limited. (All rights reserved. No copying without permission.)
Hosted on Mythic Beasts
All comments and queries to