Mamta's Kitchen - A Family Cookbook





Glossary

This section provides translations between the Hindi and English of some common terms and ingredients in Indian cuisine.

This list is ordered in Hindi; it is also available ordered in English.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Hindi English
Aachar Pickle
Aadoo Peach
Aadu Peach
Aaloo Potato
Aam Mango
Aam Papad Mango pulp, dried in trays to make sheets
Aamchoor Mango (green, dried & powdered)
Aamla Indian Gooseberry
Aaru Peach
Achar Pickle
Adoo Peach
Adrak Ginger
Ajinomoto Monosodium Glutamate
Ajmoda Celery
Ajmud Celery
Ajwain Carom seed
Ajwain ke Phool Thymol flower
Akhrot Walnut
Akroot Walnut
Aloo Potato
Aloobukhara Plum
Alsi Flax seed, Linseed
Alu Potato
Alubukhara Plum
Ambat-Chuka Sorrel
Amchur Mango (green, dried & powdered)
Amla Indian Gooseberry
Amrood Guava
Amrud Guava
Amsool
(Kokam)
A fruit indigenous to the west coast used to add tartness to dishes, like dry mango powder
Anaaj Cereal
Anaar Pomegranate
Anaj Cereal
Ananas Pineapple
Anar Pomegranate
Anar Dana Pomegranate seed (dried)
Anas phal Star Anise
Anda Egg
Andawari Machli Mullet (fish)
Angoor Grape
Angur Grape
Anjeer Fig
Anjir Fig
Ankur Sprout
Ankurit Sprouted
Annanas Pineapple
Arandi Castor
Araroot Arrowroot
Arbi Colocasia, Dasheen, Eddo, Elephant-ear, Taro
Arhar Dal Gram (red, split), Pigeon Pea (split)
Arhar Sabut Pigeon Pea
Arvi Colocasia, Dasheen, Eddo, Elephant-ear, Taro
Atta Flour (whole grain)
Attar Essence (generic)
Aval Flattened rice (thicker)
Avial A vegetable curry from South India
Badam Almond
Badi Sultana
Bael Bengal Quince, Stone Apple, Wood Apple
Baer Jujube
Baghaar See Tarka
Baghar See Tarka
Bail Bengal Quince, Stone Apple, Wood Apple
Baingan Aubergine, Eggplant
Bajra Millet, Pearl Millet
Bajri Millet, Pearl Millet
Bakra Goat
Bakre ki Raan Mutton (leg)
Bakri Goat
Balti In Hindi and Urdu, Balti means a bucket; in the UK, it's used for a style of cooking developed in Birmingham in the 1970s. It can also refer to a dish from Baltistan, on the North West frontier of Pakistan
Ban Tulsi Marjoram
Band Gobhi Cabbage
Bangda Machli Mackerel (fish)
Bangra Machli Mackerel (fish)
Bans Bamboo
Barfi See Burfi
Barramundi Machli Giant Sea Perch (fish)
Barsanga Curry Tree leaf
Basango Curry Tree leaf
Basi Stale
Bataer Quail
Batair Quail
Bater Quail
Bathua Sag Fat Hen (leaf), Lambs Quarter (leaf), White Goosefoot (leaf)
Battak Duck
Bel Bengal Quince, Stone Apple, Wood Apple
Belan Rolling Pin
Ber Jujube
Besan Gram Flour (Bengal)
Bhagona Cooking pot with a lid
Bhain Lotus Root
Bhajee See Bhaji
Bhaji
(Bhajee, Sabji)
The word actually mean 'vegetable', but also describes a North India vegetable dish, a curry without gravy
Bhajia See Pakora
Bhang Hemp
Bhare Stuffed
Bharta Mash
Bharua Stuffed
Bhat Rice (boiled)
Bhatma Soya bean, Soybean
Bhed Lamb
Bhein Lotus Root
Bheja Brain
Bhel Puri A snack mix of puffed rice, besan sev, puri, chopped onions & coriander leaves, tamarind chutney and onion-chili chutney
Bhen Lotus Root
Bher Lamb
Bhindi Lady's Fingers, Okra
Bhing Machli Herring (fish)
Bhoono Stir-frying
Bhuna Stir-fried
Bhunao Stir-frying
Bhurji A dish without gravy where ingredients are almost mashed
Bhurta Mash
Bhutta Sabut Sweetcorn (on the cob)
Bhutta dana Maize
Biriani See Biryani
Biryani
(Biriani)
Rice cooked with meat, vegetables, chicken, fish or prawns
Boalee Shark
Boi Machli Mullet (fish)
Bombil Bombay Duck (fish), Shark
Bondas
(Vadas)
A savory snack made in to balls, usually with potatoes or lentils, but can also contain meat
Boondi
(Bundi, Moong vadi)
Small, blueberry sized, fried, drop-like pakori, made from chickpea flour
Brahmi Indian Pennywort
Brinjal Aubergine, Eggplant
Bumallo Bombay Duck (fish), Shark
Bundi See Boondi
Burfi
(Barfi)
Indian Fudge like sweet made with condensed milk, sugar and other ingredients
Buttak Duck
Chaa Tea
Chaach Buttermilk (cultured)
Chaamp Chop (joint)
Chaas Buttermilk (cultured)
Chaat See Chat
Chach Buttermilk (cultured)
Chachinda Snake Gourd
Chai Tea
Chakki Stone grinding mill (for wheat, dal, spices etc.)
Chakku Knife
Chakla Rolling Board
Chakotra Pomello (fruit)
Chakraphool Star Anise
Chakri-Phool Star Anise
Chaku Knife
Chali Betel (nut)
Chalia Betel (nut)
Chalni Sieve
Chamcha Ladle
Chamchi Small Spoon
Chana (Kabuli) Chickpea (White), Gram (White)
Chana (Kala) Chickpea (black), Chickpea (brown), Gram (Bengal)
Chana Dal Chickpea (black, split), Chickpea (brown, split), Gram (Bengal, split), Gram (Yellow)
Chandwa Pomfret (fish)
Chane ka Saag Bengal Gram (leaf)
Chapati See Chapatti
Chapatti
(Chapati, Roti)
Thin, unleavened Indian bread cooked on griddle
Chareeaddee Sardine (fish)
Charmagaz A mix of four types of seeds - melon, water melon, pumpkin and cucumber
Charoli Cudpah Nut
Chas Buttermilk (cultured)
Chashni Sugar Syrup
Chasni Sugar Syrup
Chat
(Chaat)
Spicy snacks, usually vegetarian - a popular street food of India
Chatni Can mean either a (cooked) chutney or an uncooked, spicy sauce
Chaulai Amaranth
Chauli Amaranth
Chaunk See Tarka
Chaval Rice (generic)
Chavlerr Amaranth
Chawal Rice (generic)
Cheekoo Sapodilla, Sapota
Cheeni Sugar
Chemen Prawn
Chena See Paneer
Chhalni Sieve
Chichinda Snake Gourd
Chickoo Sapodilla
Chikoo Sapota
Chilgoza Pine Nut
Chilka Peel (generic), Rind (generic), Skin (generic)
Chimta Tongs
Chingri Prawn
Chini Sugar
Chira Flattened rice (thicker)
Chiraunji Cudpah Nut
Chirchira Snake Gourd
Chironji Cudpah Nut
Chiwda Flattened rice (thicker)
Chiwra Flattened rice (thicker)
Chonk See Tarka
Choolha See Chulha
Choora Machli Tuna (fish)
Choti Currant
Choti Elaichi Cardamom (green)
Choti Ellaichi Cardamom (green)
Choti Ilaichi Cardamom (green)
Chowlai Amaranth
Chowli Amaranth, Black-eyed Bean, Black-eyed Pea
Chuara Date (dried)
Chukandar Beetroot
Chukka Sag Sorrel (red)
Chukka-Kura Sorrel
Chulha
(Choolha)
An old fashioned Indian stove
Chura Machli Tuna (fish)
Coco Cocoa
Copra Coconut
Curry Patta Curry Tree leaf
Cut-hal Jackfruit
Cutch Catechu
Dabba See Tiffin
Dagad Phool A tree lichen, often used in meat dishes
Dahi Curd, Yoghurt
Dahi Wala With yoghurt
Dahl Lentil (generic), Pulse (generic)
Dal Lentil (generic), Pulse (generic)
Dalchini Cinnamon
Dalia Bulgar Wheat, Cracked Wheat
Darchini Cinnamon
Dhal Lentil (generic), Pulse (generic)
Dhansak Meat or chicken cooked with lentils
Dhool ka Phool Mushroom
Dhungar See Tarka
Do-piaza See Do-pyaza
Do-pyaza
(Do-piaza)
Double quantity of onions or a lot of onions
Doodh Milk
Dosa
(Dosai)
Crispy rice and lentil pancake or crepe - a South Indian specialty
Dosai See Dosa
Dudhi Bottle Gourd
Dum Cooked in a pot, where lid is sealed with a ring of dough. It allows some pressure to build up inside.
Dum-Pukht Slow cooking in a sealed pot
Elaichi Badi Cardamom (black)
Elaichi Bari Cardamom (black)
Feni
(Pheni)
A goan, alcohlic drink
Gai Cow
Gai ka Gosht Beef
Gai ka Mans Beef
Gajar Carrot
Gandasa Cleaver (large knife)
Ganna Sugar Cane
Ganth Gobhi Kohl Rabi
Garam Masala A spice blend of cumin, pepper, cloves and cardamom
Gehun Wheat
Gehun ka Ankur Wheat Germ
Gehun ka Atta Wheat Flour (chapatti)
Ghara
(Matka)
An round earthenware water container in India
Ghee Butter (clarified)
Ghia Bottle Gourd
Gobaro Rock Cod (fish)
Gobhi Cauliflower
Gobro Cod (fish)
Gooda Pulp
Goondha Atta Dough
Gore-Nimb Curry Tree leaf
Gosht Meat (generic)
Gowar ki Phali Cluster Bean
Guchchi Mushroom
Gud Sugar (raw)
Gulab Rose
Gulab Jaman
(Gulan Jamun)
Small balls in syrup, made of flour and milk powder or mawa
Gulab jal Rose water
Gulan Jamun See Gulab Jaman
Gur Sugar (raw)
Gurda Kidney
Gwar Patha Aloe Vera
Haandi See Handi
Haddi Bone
Haldi Turmeric
Halva Saranga Pomfret (fish)
Halva
(Halwa)
Semi-solid sweet made of semolina or other flours, or vegetables like carrots, potatoes, sweet potatoes, or others
Halwa See Halva
Halyan Asparagus
Hamam Bista See Hamam Dasta
Hamam Dasta
(Hamam Bista)
Pestle and mortar, often made of cast iron
Handi
(Handia, Haandi)
An earthenware cooking pot
Handia See Handi
Hara Dhania Cilantro (leaf), Coriander (leaf)
Hara Kela Banana (green)
Hara piaz Salad onion, Scallion, Spring onion
Harad Myrobalan
Hari Phoolgobhi Broccoli
Haritaki Myrobalan
Hasha Thyme
Hathi Chak Artichoke
Heeng Asafoetida
Hilsa Shad (fish)
Hing Asafoetida
Hiran Venison
Huldi Turmeric
Idli Steamed rice, lentil or semolina cakes from south of India
Ilisha Shad (fish)
Illaichi Badi Cardamom (black)
Illaichi Bari Cardamom (black)
Imarti Sweet, syrup-filled rings made from urad dal batter
Imli Tamarind
Ittar Essence (generic)
Jagary Sugar (raw)
Jaggery Sugar (raw)
Jai Oat
Jaiphal Nutmeg
Jaitun Olive
Jal-Halim Watercress
Jal-Kumbhi Watercress
Jalebi Sweet, syrup-filled rings made from white flour and yoghurt batter
Jalfrezi A chicken or meat curry, cooked green peppers, onions, green chillies and tomatoes
Jardaloo Apricot
Jashtimodhu Licorice, Liquorice
Jau Oat
Jaun Barley, Oat
Javitri Mace
Jaw Barley
Jawas Flax seed, Linseed
Jeera Cumin
Jethimadh Licorice, Liquorice
Jhinga Prawn
Jigar Liver
Jimikand Yam (Elephant Foot)
Jow Oat
Jowar Sorghum
Jwar Sorghum
Kabab See Kebab
Kabab Chini See Kebachini
Kabutar Pigeon
Kachcha Raw, Uncooked
Kachcha Kela Banana (green)
Kachua Turtle
Kachumber A mixed salad, made with finely chopped cucumber, tomatoes and onions, with salt, pepper, chilli and lemon juice
Kaddu Pumpkin
Kaddu Kas Grater
Kadhai Wok
Kadhi-limbdo Curry Tree leaf
Kaju Cashew nuts
Kakadi Armenian Cucumber
Kakari Cucumber
Kala Black (colour)
Kala Chana Chickpea (black), Chickpea (brown), Gram (Bengal)
Kala Jeera Black Cumin seed
Kala Namak Black Salt
Kalaunji Black Onion seed, Nigella seed
Kaleja Liver
Kaleji Liver
Kali Currant
Kali Mirch Black Pepper
Kalia A curry with milk or yoghurt, and a thick gravy
Kalonji Black Onion seed, Nigella seed
Kamal Gatta Lotus Root
Kamal Kakri Lotus Root
Kamrak Starfruit
Kamrakh Carambola, Starfruit
Kandere Machli Sawfish
Kane Machli Lady Fish
Kantakari Indian Nightshade
Kapoor Camphor
Kapur Camphor
Karchi A metal spoon for cooking
Karela Bitter Gourd
Karimeen Machli Pearlspot (fish)
Karli Silver barfish
Karonda Natal Plum
Kasani Chicory, Endive, Succory
Kashmiri Jeera Black Cumin seed
Kasoori Methi Fenugreek Leaf (dried)
Kat-hal Jackfruit
Katai Machli Whitebait (fish)
Kateri Indian Nightshade
Kath-nim Curry Tree leaf
Katha Catechu
Kaththa Catechu
Katla Machli Carp (fish)
Katori A small serving bowl
Kavchi Clam
Kebab Cheeni All Spice
Kebab
(Kabab)
Meat or vegetable pieces, marinated in herbs and spices
Kebachini
(Kabab Chini)
Cubeb or tailed pepper is a berry similar to black pepper
Keema
(Kheema, Queema)
A minced meat dish
Kekda Crab
Kekra Crab
Kela Banana
Kenkra Crab
Keora Screwpine flower essence
Kesar Saffron (spice)
Kesari Saffron (colour)
Kewra Screwpine flower essence
Khair Catechu
Khajur Date
Khameer Yeast
Kharbooja Melon (generic)
Khas Khas Poppy seed
Khatai Mango (green, dried & powdered)
Khatta Sharp, Sour
Khatta-Palak Sorrel
Khatta-Saag Sorrel
Kheema See Keema
Kheer Any Indian milk pudding, usually flavoured with cardamoms, saffron or rose water, and containing chopped nuts
Kheera Cucumber
Khichadi See Khitcheri
Khitcheri
(Khichadi)
A rice and lentil preparation, cooked like a pulao
Khoa Milk (condensed & solidified)
Khopra Coconut
Khorma See Korma
Khoya Milk (condensed & solidified)
Khubani Apricot
Khumani Apricot
Khumbi Mushroom
Khurfa Saag Little Hogweed, Purslane, Pursley
Khurmani Apricot
Khus Khus Poppy seed
Khusboo Essence (generic)
Kishmish Currant, Raisin, Sultana
Kismis Currant, Raisin, Sultana
Kofta Balls made from vegetables, meat, chicken or fish
Koi Machli Climbing Perch (fish)
Kokam See Amsool
Kopra Coconut
Korma
(Khorma)
A creamy curry made with thick cream or yoghurt and sometimes nuts
Kothamalli Cilantro (leaf), Coriander (leaf)
Kottu Buckwheat
Kotu Buckwheat
Kukur-Mutta Mushroom
Kulcha A naan-like leavened Indian bread, baked in a tandoor
Kulfa Little Hogweed, Purslane, Pursley
Kulfi A flavoursome Indian ice-cream, made with slow boiled or condensed milk, sugar, almonds, pistachios and saffron
Kulhar A disposable earthenware cup or mug
Kumrak Starfruit
Kundru Ivy Gourd
Kuppa Machli Turbot (fish)
Kurlya Crab
Kurry Patta Curry Tree leaf
Kus Kus Poppy seed
Kusam Safflower
Kusumbo Safflower
Laddoo
(Laddu)
An Indian sweet ball, can made of various ingrediemts like besan, flour, lentil, rice, semolina or mawa
Laddu See Laddoo
Lahsan Garlic
Lahsun Garlic
Lal Mirch Cayenne Pepper, Chilli (red)
Lapsi Bulgar Wheat, Cracked Wheat
Lassan Garlic
Lassi A cool yoghurt drink, either sweet or salty
Lauki Bottle Gourd
Laung Clove
Lavang Clove
Leechee Lychee
Lichi Lychee
Lobhia Black-eyed Bean, Black-eyed Pea
Lobia Black-eyed Bean, Black-eyed Pea
Lokat Loquat
Loki Bottle Gourd
Maakhani See Makhani
Machchhi Fish (generic)
Machli Fish (generic)
Machli ke Ande Fish Roe
Madhu Honey
Madras It means a *hot* curry in UK. I doubt if anyone has heard of in Madras though!
Mahanimb Curry Tree leaf
Maida Flour (all purpose), Flour (plain)
Makai Corn
Makhan Butter
Makhana The puffed kernel of gorgon nut or fox nut
Makhani
(Maakhani)
Cooked with lots of butter, or cream
Makhanphal Avocado, Butter Fruit
Makka Corn
Makkhan Butter
Makki Corn
Makki ka Atta Cornmeal
Malaai See Malai
Malai
(Malaai)
Skin that forms on the boiled, cooled milk.
Mamra Puffed rice
Masala A general term for a blend or mix of spices
Masaladan Spice Box
Masaladani Spice Box
Masoor Dal Dhuli Red Lentil (split, skinless)
Masoor Sabut Red Lentil (whole)
Matar Green Peas
Matar Dal Split Peas
Mathni A wooden whisk, traditionally used for making butter milk
Matka See Ghara
Matki Dew Bean, Moth Bean, Turkish Gram
Mattha Buttermilk (cultured)
Mausammi Sweet Lime
Mawa Milk (condensed & solidified)
Meetha Neem Curry Tree leaf
Meetha Soda Bicarbonate of Soda
Methi dana Fenugreek seed
Mewa Dried Fruit
Mirch Chilli
Mishri Rock Candy, Sugar (crystalised lumps)
Misri Rock Candy, Sugar (crystalised lumps)
Moghlai See Moglai
Moglai
(Moghlai)
Rich food cooked for Moghul emperors in India
Mogo Cassava, Yucca
Mollee A Goan fish dish cooked with coconut and chilli
Mooli Radish, White Radish (large)
Moong Dal Chilka Gram (green, split)
Moong Dal Dhuli Gram (green, split, skinless)
Moong Sabut Gram (green), Mung Beans
Moong vadi See Boondi
Moongphali Groundnut, Monkey Nut, Peanut
Moongre Radish Seed Pods
Morrul Machli Sole (fish)
Mot Dal Dew Bean, Moth Bean, Turkish Gram
Moth Dal Dew Bean, Moth Bean, Turkish Gram
Moti Fennel
Mourola Anchovy (fish)
Mulahati Licorice, Liquorice
Mulethi Licorice, Liquorice
Mulhathi Licorice, Liquorice
Mulhatti Licorice, Liquorice
Mulligatawny 'Pepper Water', a Tamil (South Indian) soup, now known as a British dish
Munakka Sultana (large)
Mung Dal Chilka Gram (green, split)
Mung Dal Dhuli Gram (green, split, skinless)
Mung Sabut Gram (green), Mung Beans
Murabba Fruit conserved in sugar syrup
Murdoshi Machli Lady Fish
Murg Chicken
Murga Chicken
Murgi Chicken
Murmura Puffed rice
Murrai Machli Snake Head (fish)
Muth Dal Dew Bean, Moth Bean, Turkish Gram
Mutter Green Peas
Mutter Dal Split Peas
Naan
(Nan)
A teardrop shaped, leavened bread, traditionally baked in a tandoor
Namak Salt
Namkeen Salty, Savoury
Nan See Naan
Narangi Orange (fruit)
Narasingha Curry Tree leaf
Nargis Kebab Scotch Egg
Narial ka Tael Coconut oil
Nariyal Coconut
Nashpati Pear
Neem Margosa
Neembu Lemon
Nimak Salt
Nimbu Lemon
Nimbu Sat Citric Acid
Nimbu ka Chilka Lemon (rind)
Nogli Machli Lady Fish
Paan Betel (leaf)
Paan
(Pan)
Betel leaf with quick lime, betel nuts, kathechu paste, rose petal preserve and fennel. Served commonly after a meal. May contain tobacco
Paaya Trotter
Pabda Machli Butter Fish
Pakkad Kitchen Tongs
Pakora
(Bhajia)
Spicy, battered and deep fried vegetables or meats
Palak Spinach
Palta Long Handled Flat Spatula
Palu Machli Perch (fish)
Pan See Paan
Panchforan See Panchpooran
Panchphoran See Panchpooran
Panchpooran
(Panchphoran, Panchforan)
A mix of cumin, fenugreek, fennel, mustard and nigella seeds
Paneer
(Chena)
A fresh Indian cottage cheese
Pangas Machli Catfish
Pangush Machli Catfish
Pani Water
Paniphal Arrowroot
Papeeta Papaya
Papita Papaya
Paplet Pomfret (fish)
Papri Broad Bean, Fava Bean
Paraat A special container for making dough - a large metal plate with raised edges
Paratha A pan-fried Indian flat bread
Pariasi Machli Catfish
Parshey Machli Mullet (fish)
Parval
(Parwal, Patola)
Pointed Gourd
Parwal See Parval
Pasanda Meat or chicken beaten and cooked in a rich curry sauce
Patila A type of Indian cooking pot
Patola See Parval
Patta Curry Tree leaf
Patta Gobhi Cabbage
Pauni A spatula with holes, for skimming
Pauwa Flattened rice, Rice flakes
Pedvey Machli Sardine (fish)
Peeli Sultana
Peshwari Naan Naan stuffed with almonds and raisins
Phal Fruit
Phate Doodh ka Pani Whey
Pheni See Feni
Phitkari Alum
Phool Gobhi Cauliflower
Phoot Snap Melon
Phul Gobhi Cauliflower
Piaz Onion
Pilaf See Pulao
Pilaff See Pulao
Pishta Pistachio
Pista Pistachio
Poha Flattened rice, Rice flakes
Poori
(Puri)
A deep-fried Indian flat bread
Poplait Pomfret (fish)
Poplet Pomfret (fish)
Post Dana Poppy seed
Prasad Sweet offering after prayers
Pudina Mint
Pulao
(Pilaf, Pilaff)
A rice dish cooked with spices and other ingredients
Pungas Machli Catfish
Pupta Machli Butter Fish
Puri See Poori
Pyaz Onion
Queema See Keema
Raai Mustard seed
Raan Leg (joint)
Raavas Machli Salmon (fish)
Rabri Condensed, sweetened milk (made by boiling milk in an open pan)
Rai Mustard seed
Raita Yoghurt mixed with salads, vegetables, nuts or other ingredients and spices
Rajma Kidney Beans, Red Kidney Bean
Ramdana Amaranth
Ran Leg (joint)
Randhuni Celery
Rane Machli Red Snapper (fish)
Ras Juice
Rasa Gravy
Rasam Spicy lentil soup from South India
Rasbhari Cape Gooseberry
Rassgulla A popular Indian sweet from bengal, made of paneer cheese
Ratalu Yam
Ratin Jot Dried alkanet root. Used to colour clothes and foods to a deep red, especially tandoori dishes and curries
Rava Semolina
Ravas Machli Salmon (fish)
Rawa Semolina
Rawas Machli Salmon (fish)
Repti Machli Sole (fish)
Rogan Josh
(Roghan Ghosh)
Originally a Kashmiri lamb stew; in UK Indian restaurants it is a medium strength, creamy curry
Roghan Ghosh See Rogan Josh
Rohu Machli Carp (fish)
Roomali roti A large, paper thin roti - roomal means 'handkerchief'
Roti See Chapatti
Ruh Essence (generic)
Rui Machli Carp (fish)
Saag See Sag
Saalan Gravy
Sabja Basil (seed)
Sabji See Bhaji
Sabudana Sago, Tapioca
Sabut Whole
Sabzi Vegetable (generic)
Saeb Apple
Saem Runner Bean
Saev Apple
Safaid Matar Dry White Peas
Safaid Mutter Dry White Peas
Safed White (colour)
Safed Mirch White Pepper
Safed Rajma Alubia Beans, White Kidney Beans
Sag
(Saag)
Green leaves, such as spinach or mustard leaves
Saijam Drumstick (vegetable)
Saijan Drumstick (vegetable)
Salan Gravy
Salbia-Sefakuss Sage
Sambar
(Sambhar)
A very hot, spicy lentil dish from South India
Sambhar See Sambar
Samosa A pastry pyramid filled with potato, vegetable, meat and other ingredients
Samudra-Feni Squid
Samudra-Pheni Squid
Sancha Mold
Sanchal Black Salt
Sangat Catfish
Sangatam Catfish
Santara Orange (fruit)
Santra Orange (fruit)
Sarson Mustard, Mustard seed
Sarson ka Tael Mustard oil
Saunf Fennel
Saunth Ginger (powder)
Seb Apple
Seekh Skewer
Seekh Kebab See Sheek Kebab
Seeng Drumstick (vegetable)
Seengre Radish Seed Pods
Seesti Sage
Sefakuss Sage
Sejanki ki Phali Drumstick (vegetable)
Sem Broad Bean, Fava Bean, Runner Bean
Sendha Namak Rock Salt
Senjan Drumstick (vegetable)
Sev Vermicilli-like, spicy, besan snack
Seviyan Vermicelli
Shahad Honey
Shahi For kings or royalty
Shahi Jeera Black Cumin seed
Shahtoot Mulberry
Shaka-hari Vegetarian
Shakarkand Sweet Potato
Shakkar Sugar
Shalgam Turnip
Shantra Orange (fruit)
Sharbat A general term for drinks made with syrups and water
Sharifa Custard Apple
Shashlik Kebab Cubes of meat, cooked on a skewer
Shatwar Asparagus
Sheek Kebab
(Seekh Kebab)
Spiced minced meat, cooked on a skewer
Sheera Sugar Syrup
Shehtoot Mulberry
Shimla Mirch Bell Pepper, Capsicum, Green Pepper
Shinga Drumstick (vegetable)
Shole Machli Murrel (fish)
Shorba Gravy, Soup, Stew
Sil-batta Flat grinding stone & pestle
Simla Aloo Cassava, Yucca
Simla Alu Cassava, Yucca
Singhara Water Chestnuts
Sirka Vinegar
Sitaphal Custard Apple
Siya Jeera Caraway
Soa Dill
Sonf Fennel
Sonth Ginger (powder)
Sooar Pork
Sooji Semolina
Sookhi Matar Dry White Peas
Sookhi Mutter Dry White Peas
Sooraj-Mukhi Sunflower
Sooran Yam (Elephant Foot)
Sootmooli Asparagus
Sowa Dill
Soya Dill
Suar Pork
Subja Basil (seed)
Suji Semolina
Sunahri Sultana
Sungat Prawn
Supari Betel (nut)
Surabhi-nimba Curry Tree leaf
Suran Yam (Elephant Foot)
Surgutta Machli Silver Belly (fish)
Surmai Machli King Fish
Suwa Dill
Taatri Citric Acid
Tadka See Tarka
Tamatar Tomato
Tandoor A traditional Indian clay oven
Tandoori Cooked in a traditional tandoor oven
Taraju Weighing scales
Tarazoo Old fashioned weighing scales
Tarbooja Watermelon
Tari Gravy
Tarka
(Tadka, Dhungar, Baghaar, Baghar, Chaunk, Chonk)
Tempering of foods with hot ghee or oil, with cumin, mustard or other seeds
Tarkari A spicy vegetable dish
Tartrii Citric Acid
Tatri Citric Acid
Tawa Griddle
Teesrya Clam
Teetar Partridge
Tej Patta Bay Leaf
Tel Oil
Tez Patta Bay Leaf
Thali An Indian platter with raised rim, used to serve a complete meal
Thandai A cold milk drink with nuts and rose petals
Tiffin
(Dabba)
Lunch box containing 2-4 round boxes, held together with a metal strap. It has a handle on top to carry it
Tikka Skewered, boneless meat cubes, cooked in a tandoor
Tikora Arrowroot
Til Sesame
Tinda Indian Round Gourd
Tindla Ivy Gourd
Tindora Ivy Gourd
Tishi Flax seed, Linseed
Titar Partridge
Tofu Bean Curd
Tondli Ivy Gourd
Tool Dal Pigeon Pea (split)
Toona Machli Tuna (fish)
Toor Sabut Pigeon Pea
Topshey Mango Fish
Topsi Mango Fish
Tori Ridge Gourd
Tulsi Basil
Tur Dal Pigeon Pea (split)
Tur Sabut Pigeon Pea
Turai Ridge Gourd
Tuvar Dal Gram (red, split), Pigeon Pea (split)
Urad Dal Dhuli Gram (black, split, skinless)
Urad Sabut Gram (black, whole)
Vaal Dal Broad Bean, Fava Bean
Vadas See Bondas
Van Tulsi Marjoram
Varak Chandi Silver leaf
Varak Sona Gold leaf
Velli Machli Anchovy (fish)
Vilayati Saunf Aniseed
Vindaloo A fiery hot dish from Goa, marinated in vinegar
Visonu Machli King Fish
Yakhni Meat Stock
Yashti-Madhu Licorice, Liquorice
Yashti-Madhuka Licorice, Liquorice
Zafran Saffron (spice)
Zafrani Saffron (colour)
Zaiphal Nutmeg
Zaitun Olive
Zeera Cumin
Zetoon Olive
Zori Shark