Glossary

This section provides a translation of some common Hindi words that occur in the recipes into their English equivalents.

To make it easier to find the words you're looking for, you can either order this list by English or by Hindi.

HindiEnglish
A very hot and spicy, Malaysian/ Indonesian, chilli paste or a relishSambal (Malaysian)
Aadu/Aadoo/Adoo/AaruPeach
AamMango
Aam PapadMango pulp, dried in trays to make sheets
Achar or AacharPickle
AdrakGinger
AjinomotoMonosodium Glutamate
Ajmud or Ajmoda or Doroo or RandhuniCelery and Parsley
AjwainCarom seeds
Ajwain ke PhoolThymol flowers
Akhrot, AkrootWalnut
AllspiceKebabchini
Aloo or Aaloo or AluPotato
Aloobukhara or AlubukharaPlum
AlsiFlax Seeds, Linseed
Alsi, Jawas or TishiLinseed
Amchur/Aamchoor (aam=mango, choor=powder)Dried green mango, powdered
Amla or AamlaIndian Gooseberry (Emblica offcinalis), sometimes called Hogs Plum
AmroodGuava
AmrudGuava
AmsoolGarcinia Indica (Fruit indigenous to the west coast)
Anaj or AnaajCeral
Ananas or AnnanasPineapple
Anar danaDried Pomegranate seeds, used in Indian cooking
Anar or AnaarPomegranate
Anas phalStar Anise
AndaEgg
AndaEgg
Angoor or AngurGrape
Anjeer or AnjirFig
Ankur or ankuritSproute or sprouted
AnnanasPineapple
ArandiCastor
Araroot or Paniphal or TikoraArrowroot
Arbi or ArviColocasia, Taro, Elephant ear, Eddo, Dasheen,
Arhar DalPigeon-peas or Split Red Gram (often called yellow lentil)
AttaChapatti flour
AttaFlour
AttarEssence (generic)
AvialSouth Indian Vegetable Curry
BadamAlmond
Badam and Sugar pasteMarzipan
Bael, Bel, Bail, ShriphalStone apple, Bengal quince, Wood apple
Baer or Ber fruitBerries of Indian Jujube or Zizyphus
Baghaar or BagharTempering of foods with hot ghee/oil and cumin/mustrad seeds etc.
BainganBrinjal
BainganEggplant
BainganAubergine
BajraMillet or Pearl Millet
BajriMillet
BakraGoat
Bakra or bakriGoat or Kid
Bakre ki RaanLeg of mutton
BaltiBucket
Balti (in Hindi and Urdu, Balti means a bucket)1. A style of cooking developed in Birmingham twenty or thirty years ago. 2. A dish from Baltistan, on the North West frontier of Pakistan.
Ban or Van TulsiMarjoram
Band Gobhi or Patta GobhiCabbage
Bangra or Bangda MachliMackerel (fish)
BansBamboo
Barfi or BurfiIndian Fudge like sweet made with condensed milk, sugar and other ingredients
Bark similar to Cinnamon and used in Indian cookingCassia bark
BarleyJaun or Jaw
Barramundi machliGiant Sea Perch Fish
BasiStale
Bataer or BaterQuail
BatairGray Quail
Bathua Sag/saagLamb's-quarter, Fat Hen, Pigweed, White Goosefoot
BelanRolling Pin
BesanBengal gram flour
BhagonaIndian cooking pot with lid
Bhajee or Bhaji or SabjiThe word actually mean 'a vegetableal, but also used to describes a noth India vegetable dish, a curry without gravy
Bhajia or pakoraSpicy, battered and deep fried vegetables or meats
BhangHemp
BhangHemp
Bhare or bharuaStuffed
Bharta or BhurtaMash
BhatBoiled rice
BhatmaSoya bean
Bhein or Bhain or Bhen or Kamal KakriLotus Root
BhejaBrain
Bhel PuriA snack mix of puffed rice, besan sev, puri, chopped onions & coriander leaves, tamarind chutney and an onion-chili chutney
Bher or BhedLamb
BhetkiBeckti or Bhetki
BhindiOkra
BhindiLady's fingers
Bhing machliHerring
Bhoono or BhunaoStir-Fry (it)
BhunaStir-fried
BhunaoStir-frying
BhurjiA dish without gravy where ingredients are almost mashed
Bhurta or BhartaMash
Bhutta danaMaize
Bhutta SabutCorn on the cob
BirianiRice cooked with Meats/Vegetables/chicken/Fish/Prawns
BiryaniRice cooked with Meats/Vegetables/chicken/Fish/Prawns
Boalee or Zori or Bombil or BumalloShark
Boi or Parshey or Andawari MachliMullet Fish
Bombil or Bumallo, a small fishBombay Duck (Fish)
Bondas or VadasA savory snack made in to balls, usually with potatoes or lentils etc., but can also contain meat.
Boondi or Bundi or Moong vadiSmall (size of small blueberries), fried, drop like pakori, made from chickpea flour
Boondi or Bundi or Moong vadiTiny, fried drop like pakori, made from chickpea flour
BoriHassian sack
Boti kebabMarinated meat cubes, cooked in a tandoor oven.
BrahmiIndian Panny Wort
Brown or green lentils grown in Le Puy-South-Central FrancePuy (Green) Lentil
Bumallo or Bombil, a small fishBombay Duck (Fish)
BurfiIndian Fudge with condensed milk and other ingredients
Buttak or BattakDuck
Chaach or Chach or Chaas or ChasCultured Buttermilk
ChaampChop (as in Lamb chop)
Chachinda, ChirchiraSnake gourd
Chai or ChaaTea
ChakkiStone Grinding Mill (for wheat, dal, spices etc.)
Chakku or ChakuKnife
ChaklaRolling board
ChakotraPomello, Shaddock (citrus paradisi/decumana)
Chakri-phool or chakraphoolStar Anise
Chalni or chhalniSieve
Chamcha Large spoon or ladle
ChamchiSmall spoon
Chana dalYellow Gram
Chana dal (Kala Chana dal)Split, skinless black chickpeas or Bengal Gram
Chana dal,Split & skinless Bengal Gram, the black and smaller cousin of chickpeas. Sometimes labelled incorrectly as Split Peas
Chana KalaBengal Gram or Black Chickpea
Chana Kala (also see Kabuli Chana)Chick pea or Gram or Bengal Gram
Chandi VarakEdible beaten Silver
Chane ka Saag (leaves)Bengal Gram leaves
Chapatti or Chapati or RotiIndian unleavened, Indian, thin bread cooked on gridle
Chareeaddee or Pedvey MachliSardine (Fish)
CharmagazMix of four types of seeds, melon, water melon, pumpkin & cucumber
CharoliCudpah nut
Chashni or Chasni or SheeraSugar Syrup
Chat or ChaatSpicy snacks, usually vegetarian, a popular street food of India
ChatniChutney
Chatni or chutneyUncooked, spicy paste (Chutney is cooked)
Chauli, Chaulai, Chavlerr, Chowli, Chowlai, RamdanaAmaranth (leaves or grain)
Chaulli or Chowlii Chauli, Chavleri SagAmaranth Leaves
Chaunk or ChonkTempering of foods with hot ghee/oil and cumin/mustrad seeds etc.
Chawal or ChavalRice (generic)
Cheekoo or ChikoosSapodilla Plum or Sapota
Cheeni or ChiniSugar
Chenna or PaneerIndian Cottage cheese, Casein, fromage blanc
ChichindaSnake Gourd
ChickooSapodilla Plum or Sapota
ChilgozaPine Kernel
ChilkaPeel or Rind or Skin (generic)
Chilka stripesRind
ChimtaTongs
Chiraunji or Chironji or CharoliCudpah Nut or Buchanania latifolia
Chiwra, Chiwda, Chira, Aval, Poha, PuhaFlattened rice (thicker than flaked rice)
Choti Ilaichi or elaichiGreen cardamom
Choti or green Ilaichi/Ellaichi,Cardamom Green
ChuaraDry Date
Chuara (Chu-a-ra)Dry Date
ChukandarBeetroot
Chukka LeavesRed Sorrel
Chukka SagSorrel, Red
Chulha or ChoolhaAn old fashioned Indian stove
Chura or Choora or Toona machliTuna Fish
ChutneyChutney
Cinnamon like bark, used in Indian cookingCassia
CocoCocoa
Curry Patta, Meetha Neem, Kari Patta, Kurry Patta, Mahanimb, Surabhi-nimba, Kadhi-limbdo, Kath-nim, Gore-Nimb, Narasingha, Barsanga, BasangoCurry Leaves (Murraya koenigii)
Dagad phoolA tree lichen, often used in meat dishes
DahiCurd (in India)
DahiYoghurt
Dahi wala With yoghurt
Dal or Dhal or DahlPulse or lentil; legume, beans, peas etc.
Dalchini or DarchiniCinnamon
DaliaCracked wheat (like Bulgar Wheat)
DhalPulse or lentil
DhaniaCilantro
DhansakMeat or chicken cooked with lentils
DhanshakMeat or chicken cooked with lentils
Dhungar or tarkaTempering (Tarka) with cumin/mustard etc. in hot oil
Do-piazaDouble quantity of onions or a lot of onions
Do-pyazaDouble quantity of onions or a lot of onions
DoodhMilk
Dosa or dosaiCrispy rice and lentil pancake or crepe- a South Indian specialty
Double RotiBread
DudhiIndian sweet gourd
DudhiBottle gourd
DumCooked in a pot, where lid is sealed with a ring of dough. It allows some pressure to build up inside.
Dum-PukhtSlow cooking in a sealed pot
Exact translation 'Gehun ka Ankur'; wheat means gehun and germ means ankur. Germ as in germination, not bacteria. ‘Dalia’ or cracked wheat comes closest to it in Hindi.Wheat Germ
Feni or PheniA goan, alcohlic drink
GaiCow
Gai ka gosht or mansBeef
GajarCarrot
GandasaCleaver knife, Large
GannaSugar cane
Ganth GobhiKohl Rabi
Garam MasalaA blend of cumin, pepper, cloves and cardamom
GehunWheat
Gehun ka attaWheat flour
Ghara or MatkaEartheware water container in India
GheeClarified butter
GhiaIndian sweet gourd
GhiaBottle Gourd
GobaroRock Cod (Lotella rhacina)
GobaroRock Cod
Gobhi or phool-gobhiCauliflower
GobroCod Fish
GoodaPulp
Goondha AttaDough
GoshtMeat (generic)
Gowar ki phaliCluster Bean
GulabRose
GulabRose
Gulab jalRose water
Gulab jaman/jamunSmall balls in syrup, made of flour and milk powder/mawa
Gur or GudJaggery or Jagary (made by condensing juice of sugar cane)
GurdaKidney
Gwar PathaAloe Vera
Haandi or handiaAn earthenware cooking pot
HaddiBone
Haldi or HuldiTurmeric
Halva Saranga Chandwa Poplait Paplet PopletPomfret or Silver Fish
Halwa or halvaSemi-solid sweet made of semolina or various flours or vegetables like carrots, potatoes, sweet potatoes, lauki etc.
Hamam Dasta or Hamam BistaPestle and Mortar, often made of cast iron
HandiEarthenware, Indian cooking pot
Hara ChanaBengal Gram-green
Hara DhaniaCilantro (American word)
Hara dhania or KothamalliCoriander leaves or Cilantro
Hara kelaGreen banana (not plantain)
Hara KelaBanana, green
Hara piazSpring onion with greens
Harad or Haritaki Belliric Myrobalan
Hari PhoolgobhiBroccoli
Hari PyazSpring onions with greens
HashaThyme
Hathi chak (not 100% sure!)Artichoke
Heeng or HingAsafoetida
HilsaShad fish or Ilisha or Hilsa
Hilsa machliIndian Shad fish or Ilish
Hing or HeengAsafoetida
Hiranvenison
IdliSteamed rice/lentil/semolina cakes from south of India
Illaichi/Elaichi Bari/BadiCardamom Large-Brown or Black
ImartiSyrup filled rings made from urad dal batter (blak gram dal) batter
ImliTamarind
IttarEssence (generic)
JaiphalNutmeg
JaitunOlives
Jal-Kumbhi, Jal-halimWatercress
JalebiSweet, syrup filled rings made from white flour and yoghurt batter
JalfreziA chicken/meat curry, cooked green peppers, onions, green chillies and tomatoes.
Jamun fruitJambu, Java Plum, Jambolan, Malabar Plum, Eugenia jambolana
JavitriMace
JeeraCumin
Jhinga or Chingri or Chemen or SungatPrawn
JigarLiver
JimikandIndian Yam
Jow or Jau or Jai or JaunOat
Jow or Jau or Jai or JaunOat
Jowar or JwarSorghum or Shorghum
Jwar or JowarSorghum
KababKebabs
Kabab-Chini (Kebab Cheeni)All Spice
Kabuli chanaWhite gram or chickpea
KabutarPigeaon
KachchaRaw or uncooked
Kachcha KelaGreen Banana
KachuaTurtle
KachumberIndian mixed salad, made with finely chopped cucumber, tomatoes, onions and salt, pepper, chilli, lemon juice etc.
KadduPumpkin
Kaddu kas Grater
KadhaiWok
KajuCashew nuts
KakadiIndian, thin cucumber
KakariIndian, thin cucumber
KalaBlack
Kala ChanaBengal Gram or Black Chickpea
Kala JeeraBlack cumin seeds
Kala namak or SanchalBlack Rock salt, a pungent salt
KalaunjiNigella or Onion seeds
KalejaLiver
KalejiLiver
Kali mirchBlack Pepper
KaliaA curry with milk/yoghurt and thick gravy
KalonjiNigella or Onion seeds
Kamal Kakri, Kamal Gatta, Bhein, BhenLotus root
Kamrak or KumrakStar fruit, Carombola
KamrakhStarfruit or Carambola
Kandere MachliSawfish
Kane or Nogli Machli or MurdoshiLady Fish
Kapoor or kapurCamphor
KarahiIndian Wok
Karchi A metal spoon for cooking
KarelaBitter gourd
KarliSilver barfish
KarondaNatal plum
KasaniChicory, Succory, Wild Endive
Kashmiri JeeraBlack Cumin Seeds
Kasoori MethiDry Fenugreek Leaves
Kasoori methiFenugreek leaves, dry
Kat-hal (Cut-hal)Jackfruit
Katai MachliWhite bait (Fish)
Kateri or Kantakari Night Shade-Indian
Kaththa, Cutch, Katha, KhairCatechu, Acacia
Katla or Rohu or Rui MachliCarp Fish
Katori A small serving bowl
KebabMeat or vegetable pieces, marinated in herbs and spices
Kebachini or kabab chiniPiper cubeba, Cubeb or tailed pepper is a berry similar to black pepper
Keema or Kheema or QueemaMinced meat curry
Kekra or Kenkra or Kekda or KurlyaCrab
KelaBanana
KeoraScrewpine flower essence (pendanus odoratissimus)
Kesar or ZafranSaffron
Kesari or ZafraniSaffron Coloured
KewraScrewpine flower essence (pendanus odoratissimus)
Kewra leafScrew pine or Pandan leaf
KhajurDate
KhameerYeast
KharboojaMelon - generic, like Honeydew, Canteloupe
Khas khasPoppy seeds
KhataiDry green mango, powdered
KhattaSour or sharp
Khatta-palak Khatta-saag Chukka-kura Ambat-chukaSorrel
KheemaMinced meat curry
KheerAny India Milk pudding, usually flavoured with cardamoms, saffron, rose water etc. and containing chopped nuts
KheeraCucumber
Khitcheri or KhichadiA rice and lentil preparation, cooked like a pulao/pilaf
Khoya or Khoa or mawaMilk condensed until it becomes solid. Used for making Indian sweets
Khubani, Khumani, Jardaloo, KhurmaniApricot
KhumbiMushrooms
Khus Khus/Kus KusPoppy seeds
KhusbooEssence (generic)
Kishmish or Kismis (generic term)Raisin, generic term for dried grape. Also used to describe dark brown, dried grapes, with a sweet, mellow flavour
Kishmish or Kismis, choti, kaliCurrants; Small, dark raisins, made from red, seedless grapes, with a slightly tangy flavour
Kishmish or Kismis, Sunahri or Peeli, BadiSultana, Very sweet, large, pale/gold/amber raisins, made from seedless white grapes
KoftaBalls made from vegetables, meat, chicken or fish
Koi MachliClimbing Perch (Fish)
KokamA Fruit indigenous to the west coast, used to add tartness to dishes, like dry mango powder
KokumGamboge, Garcinia xanthochymus
KormaMeat or vegetable curry with a thick, creamy sauce
Korma or KhormaA creamy curry made with thick cream or yoghurt and sometimes nuts
Kotu or KottuBuckwheat or Buck wheat
Kuchla Nux Vomica
Kukur-mutta or Guchchi or Khumbi or Dhool ka PhoolMushroom
KulchaA nan like leavened Indian bread, baked in a tandoor
Kulfa or Khurfa SaagPurslane, Verdolaga, Little Hogweed, Pusley
KulfiA flavoursome Indian ice-cream, made with slow boiled/condensed milk, sugar, almonds, pistachios and saffron etc.
KulharEarthenware, disposable cup/mug
KundruGherkin like vegetable
Kuppa machliTurbot - Indian (Fish)
Kusam or KusumboSafflower
LaddooIndian sweets made into ball shapes
Laddu or laddooAn Indian sweet ball, can made of various ingrediemts likr besan, flour, lentil, rice,semolina, mawa
Lahsun or Lassan Or LahsanGarlic
Lal mirchRed chilli
Lal Mirch PowderCayenne Pepper
LapsiCracked wheat
LassiA cool yoghurt drink, either sweet or salty
Lauki or Lawki or Loki or DudhiBottle gourd or Chinese melon
Lauki or LokiIndian sweet gourd
LaungClove
LavangClove
Leechee or LichiLychee
LemonNimbu or Neembu
Lemon RindNimbu ka chilka
Like whole Mung beans, but redRed Cow Peas
Lobia or Lobhia or ChowliBlack-eyed beans
Lobia/Lobhia/Chowli/Karamani/CholaCowpea or Black Eyed bean
LokatLoquat
Loochee or LuchcheeBengali Poori
MachchhiFish (generic)
MachliFish (generic)
Machli ke AndeFish Roe
MadhuHoney
Madras CurryIt means a .hot curry. in UK. I doubt if anyone has heard of in Madras though!
MaidaPlain, white flour (all purpose flour in USA)
Maida + 2 level teaspoon baking powderSelf Raising Flour
Makai or Makka or MakkiCorn
MakhanButter
MakhanaPuffed Kernel of Gorgon Nut or Fox Nut (not Lotus seed)
Makhani, pronounced as MaakhaniCooked with lots of butter or cream
MakhanphalAvocado or Butterfruit
MakkhanButter
Makki ka AttaCornmeal
Malai or MalaaiSkin that forms on the boiled, cooled milk. Use clotted cream
Mamra Puffed basmati rice
MasalaA blend or mix of spices (generic)
Masaladan or masaladaniSpice Box
Masoor Dal DhuliRed lentils, Split and skinless
Masoor, Sabut 1 Green or Brown Lentil or Whole Red Lentil
Matar or Mutter DalSplit Peas or Yellow split peas (Field Pea)
Matar or Mutter, HariGreen Peas
Matar or Mutter, SafaidDry White Peas (Field Peas)
Matar or Mutter, SookhiDry White Peas (Field Peas)
Mathni A wooden whisk, traditionally used for making butter milk
Matka Round earthenware pot used for keeping water
MatthaButtermilk-cultured
MausammiSweet Lime
MawaCondensed, solidified milk
Means only gravy in India. in UK, it is any spicy, hot, Indian dishCurry
Meetha SodaBicarbonate of soda
Methi danaFenugreek Seeds
MewaDried fruits
MirchChilli
Misri or MishriCrystalised sugar lumps
Moghlai or Moglai Rich food cooked for Moghul emperors in India
MoileeGoan fish dish, cooked with coconut and chilli
MolleeGoan Fish dish cooked with coconut and chilli
MooliRadish
Moong dal , SabutMung Beans or Moong Beans or Green gram or , whole
Moong dal ChilkaGreen Gram or mung Bean, split, with skin
Moong or Mung Dal Dhuli (light yellow in colour)Green Gram or Mung Bean, split, skinless or hulled
MoongphaliPeanuts
MoongphaliGround nuts
MoongphaliMonkey nuts
Morrul or Repti MachliSole fish
Moth DalMoth Beans, Matki, Muth, Mot, Turkish Gram Beans, Papillon, Dew bean
Mourola or Velli MachliAnchovy fish
Mulahati Mulethi Jashtimodhu Mulhatti MulhathiLiquorice Licorice
Mulhathi Mulhati Yashti-Madhu Yashti-Madhuka JethimadhLiquorice Licorice
Mulligatawny Soup'Pepper Water', a Tamil (South Indian) soup , now known as a British dish
MunakkaLarge Sultanas or Currants
MurabbaFruit conserved in sugar syrup
MurgChicken
MurgaChicken
MurgiChicken
MurmuraPuffed rice
Murrai MachliSnake head fish
Naan or nanIndian leavened bread, traditionally made in a tandoor
Nag-kesarCobra saffron
NamakSalt
Namkeen Salty or Savoury
Nan or naanA teardrop shaped, leavened bread, baked in a tandoor
NarangiOrange
Nargis kebab Indian scotch egg
Narial ka TaelCoconut oil
Nariyal, Copra, Kopra, KhopraCoconut
NashpatiPear
NeemMargosa tree (Azadirachta Indica)
Neembu - peelaLemon
NimakSalt
Nimbu or Neembu (Indian)Lime
Nimbu or Neembu (Western)Lemon
No Hindi nameButter Beans
Nogli or Murdoshi or Kane MachliLady Fish
None. There is no translation to the word curry in Hindi. It is a word coined by British while they were in India. It describes foods cooked with spices, often but not always with gravy. The name may have come from use of curry leaves in cooking or from Curry
PaayaTrotter
Pabda or Pupta machliButter Fish, Indian
Pakaney wala soda Soda bicarb
PakkadIndian Kitchen Tongs
PakoraVegetables, meats, chicken pieces or Paneer cheese deep fried in a spicy batter
PalakSpinach
PaltaLong Handled Flat Spatula
Palu MachliPerch Fish
Pan or Paan Betel leaf
Pan or PaanBetel leaf with quick lime, betel nuts, kathechu paste, rose petal preserve, fennel etc. Served commonly after a meal. May contain tobacco.
Panchpooran or Panchphoran or PanchforanA mix of cumin, fenugreek, fennel, mustard and nigella seeds
Paneer or ChenaIndian Cottage cheese, fromage blanc
Pangush Machli Pariasi or Pangas, Pongas, Pungas or Sangatam or SangatCatfish or Pangasus (family Pangasiidae)
PaniWater
Papad or PaparPapadom or Papodom or Popodom or Popodum
Papita or PapeetaPapaya
ParaatA special container for making dough, a large metal plate with raised edges.
Paratha (generic) Pan fried Indian flat bread
Parval or Parwal or PatolaTrichosanthes dioica, a small gourd like vegetable
Pasanda CurryMeat beaten and cooked in a rich curry sauce
PatilaA type of Indian cooking pot
Patra or Arvi PattaColocsia leaf
PauniSkimmer, a spatula with holes
PauwaRice flakes or flattened rice
Pearl Spot FishKarimeen Machli
Peshwari NaanNaan stuffed with almonds and raisins
PethaWax Gourd, Ash Gourd, Tallow Gourd, Ash Pumpkin
PhalFruit
Pharas BeansFrench Beans
Phate Doodh ka PaniWhey
PhitkariAlum
Phool/Phul GobhiCauliflower
PhootSnap Melon
PiazOnion
Pices of bark often sold as cinnamon, with similar flavour as cinnamon. It is used in Indian cookingCassia bark
Pipal or Peepal Peepul Tree
PishtaPistachi
PistaPistachio
Plain White FlourMaida
PohaRice flakes or flattened rice
Poori or PuriDeep fried Indian Flat Bread (generic)
Post danaPoppy seeds
PrasadSweet offering after prayers
PudinaMint
Pulao rice (generic)Pilaf or Pilaff rice; rice cooked with spices and other ingredients
Pupta or Pabda machliIndian Butter Fish
PyazOnion
QueemaMince Meat Curry
Raai or Rai or SarsonMustard seeds
Raan Leg , like leg of mutton
Raavas MachliIndian Salmon
RabriCondensed, sweetened milk (made by boiling milk in an open pan, until it reduces to 1/3rd or 1/4th)
RaitaYoghurt mixed with salads, vegetables, nuts or other ingredients and spices
RajmaKidney Beans or Red Kidney Beans
Ran or RaanLeg
RaneRed Snapper Fish
Rane machliRed Snapper Fish
RasJuice
Rasa (Hindi)Gravy
RasamSpicy, South Indian Lentil Soup
RasbhariCape Gooseberry
RassgullaA popular Indian sweets from bengal, made of Paneer cheese
RataluYam - ordinary
Ratin jot Alkanet root, dried. Used to colour clothes and foods to a deep red, especially tandoori dishes and curries.
RawaSemolina
Rawas or Ravas MachliIndian Salmon
Rawas or ravas machliSalmon Fish
Rogan Josh was originally a Kashmiri lamb stew. In Indian restaurant in UK, it is a medium strength, creamy curry, not as hot as a Madras Curry.RoganJosh or Roghan Ghosh
Rohu or Rui MachliA variety of Carp fish (green carp)
Roomali roti (roomal=handkerchief)Paper thin, large roti
RotiIndian unleavened bread
RuhEssence (generic)
Rui or Rohu MachliA type of Carp Fish (green carp)
Saag or Sag (generic)Green leaf vegetables like spinach, mustard greens or fenugreek leaves
SabjiVegetable (generic)
SabudanaSago, produced from pith of Metroxylon and other palms
SabudanaTapioca, produced from the cassava
SabutWhole
SabziVegetable (generic)
Saev or saeb (often spelled as sev or seb)Apple
SafedWhite
Safed mirchWhite pepper
Safed RajmaAlubia Beans, A type of Kidney Beans
Sag (generic word)Green leaves , like spinach or mustard leaves (generic)
Saijan or Shinga or Saijam or Senjan or Sejanki ki phali, SeengDrumstick (Vegetable))
Salan or SaalanGravy of a curry
Sambar or sambharA very hot, spicy lentil dish from South India
SamosaA pastry pyramid, filled with potatoes, vegetable, meat s and other ingredients
Samudra-pheni (or feni)Squid
SanchaMould
SantaraOrange
Santra or ShantraOrange (Indian), like satsuma/tangereine
SarsonMustard
Sarson ka TaelMustard oil
SaunfFennel
Saunf, MotiFennel
Saunf, Moti (Shatphool or Dodda jeera)Fennel
Saunf, Patli or fine ((Shatphool or Dodda jeera)Anise seeds
Saunth or SonthGinger powder
SeekhSkewer
Seengre or moongreRadish seed pods
Seesti or Salbia-Sefakuss or SefakussSage herb (Salvia officinalis)
Self raising flourMaida with rainsing agents added to it
SemBean, flat green
Sem or saem varietyBroad Beans
Sendha NamakA type of rock salt
SevVermicilli like, spicy, besan snack
SeviyanVermicelli
ShahadHoney
ShahiFor kings or Royal
Shahi JeeraBlack Cumin Seeds
ShahtootMulberry
Shaka-hariVegetarian
ShakarkandSweet potatoes
ShakkarSugar
ShalgamTurnip
SharbatGeneric name for drink made with syrups and water
SharifaCustard apple
Shashlik KebabCubes of skewered meat
Shatwar or Halyan or SootmooliAsparagus
Sheek or seekh kebab Spiced minced meat , cooked on a skewers
ShehtootMulberry
Shimla mirchBell peppers
Shimla mirchGreen peppers
Shimla mirchCapsicum
Shole machliMurrel Fish
ShorbaSoup, gravy
Sil-batta Indian, Flat Grinding Stone & Pestle
Simla aloo, Simla alu, MogoCassava, Mandioca, Manioc, Yucca, Manihot
SingharaWater chestnuts
SirkaVinegar
Sitaphal (some people call Pumpkin Sitaphal)Custard apple
Siya jeeraCaraway
Soa SagDill weed
Soda - pakane walaBaking soda
SonfFennel
SonthDried ginger powder
Sonth or saunthGinger powder
Sonth or SaunthGinger Powder
Sooar or suarPork
Sooji or Suji or RavaSemolina
Sooraj-mukhiSunflower
SooranElephant Yam
Sowa or suwaDill
Soya sagDill Weed
Subja or SabjaBasil seeds,
Supari/Chali/ChaliaBetel nut
SuranElephant Yam
Surgutta MachliSilver belly Fish
Surgutta MachliSilver Belly Fish
Surmai or Visonu MachliKing Fish
Suwa sagDill weed
Taatri or tatriCitric acid, edible type
TamatarTomato
TandoorIndian clay oven
TandooriCooked in Tandoor Oven
TarajuWeighing scales
TarazooOld fashioned weighing scales
TarboojaWater-melon
TarboojaWatermelon
Tari or Shorba or Saalan (Urdu)Gravy
Tarka or TadkaTempering of foods with ghee/oil and cumin or other seeds etc.
TarkariA spicy vegetable dish (Curry)
Tartrii or Nimbu SatCitric acid
Taste like Borlotti BeansRosecoco Beans (Red and marbled beans)
TawaGriddle
Teesrya or KavchiClams
TeetarPartridge
Tej Patta or Tez PattaBay leaf
TelOil
ThaliAn Indian platter with raised rim, used to serve a complete meal
ThandaiCold milk drink with nuts and rose petals
Tiffin or DabbaIndian lunch box containing 2-4 round boxes, held together with a metal strap. It has a handle on top to carry it.
TikkaSkewered, boneless meat cubes, cooked in a tandoor
TilSesame
TindaLittle, round, green gourd
Tindora, Tindla, TondliIvy Gourd
Tindora, Tindla, TondliIvy Gourd
TitarPartridge
TofuBean Curd
Toor dalPigeon-peas or Split Red Gram (can also be oily)
Topsi or TopsheyMango Fish
Tori or TuraiRidged or smooth Indian gourd (Indian Courgette)
Tori, IndianRidge gourd
TulsiBasil
Tur dalPigeon-peas or Split Red Gram (can also be oily)
Tur or Toor or Arhar, SabutPigeon Peas
Turai or ToriRidged gourd (Zuchini like vegetable or courgette)
Tuvar DalPigeon-peas or Split Red Gram (can also be oily)
Urad (Urid) dal with chilkaBlack gram, split and with skin
Urad (Urid) dal, dhuli (very pale yellow in colour)Black gram, split and skinless
Urad (Urid) SabutBlack gram, whole
Vaal Dal or Sem or Papri or Valor papdiFava bean or Hyacinth Beans, a type of broad beans, also known as Windsor bean and horse beans
Vaal Dal or Sem or Papri or Valor papdiHyacinth Beans or Fava bean, a type of broad beans, also known as Windsor bean and horse beans
Varak - ChandiSilver leaf - edible
Varak - SonaGold leaf - edible
Vilayati saunfAniseed (see also saunf)
VindalooA fiery hot dish from Goa, marinated in vinegar.
White radish, long onesMooli
Yakhini Soup or stock or gravy
ZaiphalNutmeg
ZeeraCumin
Zetoon or zaitunOlive
'Gehun ka ankur'. Exact translation of this is' Gehun ka Ankur', ankur meaning germ. This is not germ as in bacteria, it is short of germination. This is cracked wheat where germ has not been discarded, as it is when making white flour. I suppose daliWheat Germ